Whenever we think of worldwide shortages, commodities such as fossil fuels, food, water, medicines and such come to mind.  But a shortage of “XX”?  Yes, we most definitely have a worldwide shortage of “XX,” especially in India and China.  By “XX” I mean the homogametic sex chromosomes found in human females.  By contrast, males have two distinct chromosomes, “XY,” technically referred to as the heterogametic sex chromosomes.  It all reminds of Genesis 1.27-28,

27God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. 28God blessed them; and God said to them, Be fruitful and multiply…” (Genesis 1.27-28a)

In other words, God created us in His own image but in two distinctively different dimensions of His image, male and female—down to the molecular level!  And He gave us the ability to multiply, producing cute little baby “XX’s” and “XY’s” here and there, both of whom are necessary in order to continue to “Be fruitful and multiply…” as He commanded. 

And then the narrator of the creation story concludes that,

31God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good. (Genesis 1.31a)

Yes, very good, indeed, a genuine expression not only of God’s absolute power and genius but also His love for His creation; as it says in I John 4.8,16, “God is love.”  Amen to that! 

The normal human sex ratio at birth is anywhere from 105-101 boys (depending on who you ask) to 100 girls.  In effect, it’s a statistical dead heat.  And in order to maintain this virtual—and essential—1:1 ratio the best thing humanity should do is to procreate w/o interfering with the natural (or divine, I would say) process of sex selection.  Makes sense, no?

But…  Sin entered into the world before any procreation took place, and ever since man has been adversely affecting this natural 1:1, XY/XX (girl/boy) ratio in a variety of diabolical schemes, the most obvious—and lethal—of which is war, of course, which disproportionately kills more men than women.  Famine, disease and natural disasters are fairly unbiased when it comes to exterminating a particular sex.

In most ancient cultures infanticide was practiced for a variety of purposes (none of them good, of course).  There were the pagan rituals of the Canaanites mentioned in 2 Kings 16, 17 & 21, the disposal of “defective” children practiced by the Greeks and the Romans (finally made a crime by Emperor Constantine around 318 AD throughout the Roman Empire after two centuries of protests by Christians), population control, and in the Far East in particular, sex selection.  Sadly, the practice continued, albeit discreetly, well into the Middle Ages and began to eclipse when churches started building orphanages to care for unwanted children.  And to be fair, Judaism and Islam have traditionally opposed infanticide for any reason. 

By the latter part of the 20th century, an unholy alliance of…

  • eastern preference for male babies (this goes back centuries),
  • “advancements” in medical procedures (I am sarcastically referring to abortion),
  • medical technology (I refer to ultrasound which can determine the unborn’s sex),
  • immigration policies (primarily the case in Middle Eastern countries), and
  • Chinese politics (that is, the infamous “one child” law)

has resulted in a skewed XY:XX ratio in some countries, primarily India and China, where girls are aborted at a higher rate than boys.  Consider the following table (remember, up to 105:100, XY:XX is considered “normal”):




0 - 15


15 - 64


Primary Reasons (if skewed)




















Immigration policy favoring men





“One child rule” & abortion of girls





Abortion & infanticide of girls

Source: The World Factbook.

The following video is trailer for a video which will be shown to the UN Commission on the Status of Women:


In India it is estimated that 50 million girls have been killed over the past 100 years.  In China it is estimated that by the year 2020 30 million Chinese men will be unable to find spouses.  Imagine what it will be like in these countries when men are forced to compete for the significantly fewer women who are available (picture in your head two bucks fighting over a doe).  Higher male to female sex ratios are linked with increases in trafficking, rape, prostitution, and overall crime (China’s crime rate has nearly doubled in the last 20 years).

God warned the Israelites that,

15See, I have set before you today life and prosperity, and death and adversity; 16in that I command you today to love the Lord your God, to walk in His ways and to keep His commandments and His statutes and His judgments, that you may live and multiply, and that the Lord your God may bless you in the land where you are entering to possess it. 19I call heaven and earth to witness against you today, that I have set before you life and death, the blessing and the curse. So choose life in order that you may live, you and your descendants.” (Deuteronomy 30.15,16,19)

There is a price to pay for not loving God and for not obeying God (the two are symbiotic, see John 14.15).  May God have mercy on us and forgive us of our sins; may Christ return before we make a bigger mess of things!

God bless!


Habemus Papam, “we have a pope!”  Cardinal Jorge Bergoglio of Argentina was just elected pope and has taken the name Francis.  He is the first Latin American pope (albeit the son of Italian immigrants), the first Jesuit pope, and the first pope named Francis. 

So, why should an evangelical with reformed leanings such as myself care?  Several reasons (in increasing order of importance)…

  1. I’m a Latin American;
  2. I’m a former Catholic;
  3. I’m a former student of Jesuits (who educated me quite well);
  4. The Catholic Church got me out of Cuba;
  5. The Catholic Church is part of the Christian Church; and
  6. The Catholic Church introduced me to Christ.

Don’t know which is more important, #5 or #6.  Regardless, I do consider Roman Catholicism to be a part of orthodox Christianity.  And yes, I left it—first because I became disinterested in religion, and later because I agreed with the 15th century Reformers, Luther and Calvin in particular, with regards to “grace alone, through faith alone, in Christ alone, according to the Scriptures alone, and all for the glory of God alone” (the five solas or “alones” of the Reformation). 

Still, Roman Catholicism is not heresy, although I disagree with many of its doctrines.  What’s most important is that we agree on the Nicene Creed, which is my benchmark for orthodoxy.  Even more important, I believe that when Christ said that,

18I also say to you that you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build My church; and the gates of Hades will not overpower it.(Matthew 16.18)

He was not establishing Peter as the first pope (only Roman Catholics believe that) but rather Peter’s confession that “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” (v. 16) as the “rock,” the foundation on which the Christian Church is built.  More importantly, Jesus said that the Church would overrun hell itself, and that Church includes Roman Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, Anglicans, and Protestants of all persuasions.  In other words, the Church—all who call on the name of Christ for salvation—will be triumphant.

Oh, I do have a couple of things I’d like to ask Pope Francis to consider doing or continue doing.  Pope Francis, please…

  1. Clean up the mess in the Catholic Church (not just the sex scandals but the financial mess as well) as it reflects badly on all of us Christians;
  2. Continue promoting the rights of the poor and the oppressed throughout the world;
  3. Related to #2, speak out against governments which persecute Christians (e.g., Iran, North Korea) and which promote abortion, immorality, and all forms of godless hedonism (e.g., U.S.A);
  4. Allow priests to marry (this is silly, sir, you have a shortage of priests and a surplus of wayward ones; this will help alleviate both problems);
  5. Recognize that Protestants are just as much Christian as Roman Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, and Anglicans—it’s time to work together as one “Catholic” (i.e., “universal”) Church.

Pope Francis, I wish you well.  May God bless you, sir, you and all of my Roman Catholic brothers and sisters.

God bless!





















Now, that’s a mere 1,999 digits out of an infinite number of digits.  Anybody care to guess what the 2,000th digit is?  Here’s a hint: It’s somewhere from 0 to 9.  OK, so that’s not very helpful.  Here’s another hint: The number is x, such that if x  I (“I” represents the set of integers), for any y  I, x + y = y.  Still don’t get it?  OK, here’s a hint you can’t possibly miss: If the so-called “progressives” in government have their way, how much money will you have left in your bank account after paying all of your taxes?

And by the way, π is an irrational number, meaning that it cannot be expressed as the quotient of 2 integers and that the number of digits is infinite and without pattern.  And, contrary to popular belief, 22/7 is an approximation of π (22/7 = 3.14285…) but not quite π.  Archimedes (287 BC – 212 BC), Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer believed that 22/7 was the maximum value of π but not its actual value.

OK, so why is today, March 14, 2013 “Pi Day”?  Well the year has nothing to do with it but the month and the day do.  See, “March 14” can also be expressed as “3/14” or even “3.14”; it’s this latter expression of today’s date which signifies the first three digits of π. 

So, how is “Pi Day” celebrated?  Well one way is to bake—and eat—“π pies” such as this delectable “apple π pie” (left) or, for you cheesecake fanatics such as myself, this luscious “cheesecake π pie” :

But there’s more…

As I understand it, MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) sends out their admissions acceptance (or rejection) letters on March 14 each year.  Want more?  Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879.  Coincidence, I think not! 

What about Scripture?  Is π mentioned anywhere in the Bible?  Ah, now there’s a challenge!  In 1 Kings 7.23-26 (also reiterated in 2 Chronicles 4.2) it says,

23Now he made the sea of cast metal ten cubits from brim to brim, circular in form, and its height was five cubits, and thirty cubits in circumference.26It was a handbreadth thick, and its brim was made like the brim of a cup, as a lily blossom; it could hold two thousand baths. (1 Kings 7.23,26)

The “he” in this passage is Hiram, king of Type, a Phoenician

Now, let’s do the math (this is, after all, “Pi Day”).  Pi is the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter.  In this case, it appears that π = 3, “thirty cubits in circumference” / “ten cubits from brim to brim.”  We could let it go at that and simply say that this is simply an approximation.  After all, 1) a cubit is the distance between a person’s elbow and the tip of their finger, a non-standard unit of measure which varies from person to person but is generally considered to be about 18” in length, 2) the Bible is not a math book, and 3) this is a blog, not a Bible commentary.

I could let it go at that.  But if I let it go at that, well, I’m not letting it at that.  Note that it also says that the circular sea of cast metal was “a handbreadth thick.”  This is another non-standard unit of measure generally accepted to be about 4” in length.  So, here the math:

  • Outer diameter = 180” (10 cubits X 18”/cubit);
  • Outer radius = 90” (180” / 2 [d = 2r]);
  • Inner radius = 86” (90” – 4”/handbreadth).

Now, I will need to make an assumption here, namely that the given circumference of 30 cubits is an inner, as opposed to outer, circumference (it does not specify which one it is as it does with the “brim to brim” diameter).  If so, then:

  • Inner circumference = 540” (30 cubits X 18”/cubit [C = 2πr]);
  • Inner circumference = 540” = 2π(86) = 172π;
  • π = 540”/172”;
  • π = 3.139534… or 3.14 @ three significant digits.


So, the Phoenicians, who also gave us our alphabet (hence the word “phonetics”) had determined that the value of π was around 3.14.  Whether they came up with this on their own or got it from another civilization it is not clear, as the value of π correct to a handful of decimal places has been around even before Solomon’s temple was built around 1000 BC. 

Next up: Square Root Day!  That’s the day when the digits for the month, day, and the last two digits for the year all have perfect square roots.  The last Square Root Day was on September 9, 2009—get it, 9/9/9 with perfect square roots of 3-3-3.  The next one is coming up on April 4, 2016, 4/4/16 with perfect square roots of 2-2-4.  And if you’re hoping I won’t write another blog until then, you’re being as irrational as π.

God bless!



Why is the media acting so surprised that Pope Francis is Catholic?  What did they expect, that he would promote abortion or some other liberal/leftist agenda?  This could only mean one of two things with regards the media:

  1. Sheer stupidity, or
  2. Grandstanding.

And the winner is--#2!

That the media is 1) biased and 2) liberal is the "duh! factor."  Of course they knew that Pope Francis would be pro-life, anti-gay marriage, and such.  He is also pro-poor people and anti-oppressive government.  But do they report that?  Of course not; that might actually make him appear favorable--and we wouldn't want that, now would we?  

Long gone are the days when the media accurately and fairly reported the news that we needed to know.  They now report the "news" they want us to believe.

If only we Christians were as good at gospel-proclaimimg as the media is at BS'ing!

God bless




Seeing isn't believingnot always, at any rate.  Consider the following illusions:

Stare at any one white dot ant an intersection and watch the others disappear:

Stare at the crosshair long enough and the pink dots seem to disappear:

The overlapping black arc segments appear to form a spiral; however, the arcs are a series of concentric circles:

The red-orange lines are strictly horizontal/vertical, and fullyparallel/perpendicular to each other, but may appear otherwise:

This is my all-time favorite...  

The square A is exactly the same shade of gray as square B:

Don't believe me?  Here's proof:

Once you isolate the squares in question from the others their true colors become apparent.

To see more click here.

No doubt you are thinkng...is there any spiritual significance to any of this?  Sure there is.  I find that, just as these images are misleading, the reason many of us are misled by so many falseor no-so-great, at bestteachings, doctrines, ideologoes, and the like is that we either don't know, don't believe, or don't apply the truths of the Scripture.  Consider these warnings from Paul,

14As a result [i.e., of being equipped in the church], we are no longer to be children, tossed here and there by waves and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by the trickery of men, by craftiness in deceitful scheming. (Romans 4.14)

6In pointing out these things to the brethren, you will be a good servant of Christ Jesus, constantly nourished on the words of the faith and of the sound doctrine which you have been following. (1 Timothy 4.6)

1I solemnly charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who is to judge the living and the dead, and by His appearing and His kingdom: 2preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with great patience and instruction. 3For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but wanting to have their ears tickled, they will accumulate for themselves teachers in accordance to their own desires, 4and will turn away their ears from the truth and will turn aside to myths. (2 Timothy 4.1-4)

So, there you have it.  Seeing isn't always believing, and neither should we believe everything we see, hear, or read.  Take advantage of the equipping your church makes available, be it a small group, formal classes via Rio West University, Sunday morning teachings, and so on; then be a good Timothy!

God bless